Many are familiar with Github. Gitlab is a good open-sourced alternative. It's also pretty easy to host your own git repositories -- all you really need is a linux server that you have ssh access too!
Running a server
It's pretty much as simple as having an SSH server running and being able to connect over that.
https://www.linux.com/learn/how-run-your-own-git-server How to Run Your Own Git Server | Linux.com | The source for Linux information
https://www.google.com/search?q=linux+git+server linux git server - Google Search
New repository on server
Create your project's repo on your git host and check that out locally
When you're not on the server (e.g. created the repo somewhere else), you need to create a blank repo on the server first:
- Log into the server machine.
- Create a bare repo using
ssh [user@host-server] mkdir -p /srv/git/home-system cd /srv/git/home-system
git --version 2.28 and up:
git init --initial-branch=main --bare
git --version older than 2.28
git init --bare git symbolic-ref HEAD refs/heads/main
Check out the new bare repo on the client:
git clone account@server:/srv/git/project
warning: You appear to have cloned an empty repository. Add some content. At that point, check to see what branch you're on. If it's still set to
master move it to
main and push
git branch -a git branch -m main git push origin HEAD
Add server to existing repo
Note: this requires the remote repository to exist on the server first.
If you have an existing repo and want to add a server later
On the client machine check for existing origins
git remote -v
(if you need to delete an existing origin):
git remote remove origin
push your repo to the server
git remote add origin ssh://user@server:/GitRepos/myproject.git
git push origin main
May also need
git branch --set-upstream-to origin/main
Try git show-ref to see what refs you have. Is there a refs/heads/master?
You can try git push origin HEAD:master as a more local-reference-independent solution. This explicitly states that you want to push the local ref HEAD to the remote ref master (see the git-push refspec documentation).
then checkout to any device with:
git clone user@server:/srv/git/repo
If the repo on the server has local files checked out (not bare), when it's time to push changes up to the server, they'll be rejected.
Being able to push is the important option in this scenario.
An alternative solution could use different branches on either the remote device and/or the server. This seems more cumbersome.
Some hosts make it easy to designate a repository as a template.
https://duckduckgo.com/?t=ffab&q=gitlab+mark+repostory+as+a+template&ia=web 💤 gitlab mark repostory as a template at DuckDuckGo https://betterprogramming.pub/forget-boilerplate-use-repository-templates-74efebbee8eb Forget Boilerplate, Use Repository Templates! | by Liliana Nuño Silva | Better Programming https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/user/admin_area/settings/instance_template_repository.html#help-and-feedback Instance template repository | GitLab
Gitlab offers more than just git repository hosting.
Add SSH keys
Paste your public SSH key, which is usually contained in the file '~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub' or '~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub' and begins with 'ssh-ed25519' or 'ssh-rsa'. Don't use your private SSH key.
Create a new project
+ sign on nav bar.
Mirror existing projects
Have to decide on push or pull.
SSH Keys are preferred these days. Will need to configure one from gitlab to github.
To set up a mirror from GitLab to GitHub, you need to follow these steps:
Create a GitHub personal access token with the public_repo box checked. https://docs.github.com/en/free-pro-team@latest/github/authenticating-to-github/creating-a-personal-access-token
In the upper-right corner of any page, click your profile photo, then click Settings. Settings icon in the user bar
In the left sidebar, click Developer settings. Developer settings
In the left sidebar, click Personal access tokens. Personal access tokens
Click Generate new token.
Keep track of the token in your password manager (or you may need to regenerated it again later and then update it in Gitlab)
Fill in the Git repository URL field using this format: https://<your_github_username>@github.com/<your_github_group>/<your_github_project>.git. Fill in Password field with your GitHub personal access token. Click the Mirror repository button.
The mirrored repository will be listed. For example, https://:@github.com/<your_github_group>/<your_github_project>.git.
The repository will push soon. To force a push, click the Update now () button.
Log in to Gitlab Navigate to your project’s Settings > Repository and expand the Mirroring repositories section. Enter a repository URL. Select Push from the Mirror direction dropdown. Select an authentication method from the Authentication method dropdown, if necessary. Check the Only mirror protected branches box, if necessary. Check the Keep divergent refs box, if desired. Click the Mirror repository button to save the configuration.
For initial pulls / importing repositories, do that during "Create a new project" steps. (https://gitlab.com/projects/new#import_project)
To pull in changes from github, generate a token, then add it to gitlab for import from github.
TODO: way to have a private email address associated with gitlab? Sure!
Looks like this is only possible in a self-hosted instance
https://duckduckgo.com/?t=ffab&q=gitlab+mark+repostory+as+a+template&ia=web gitlab mark repostory as a template at DuckDuckGo https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/user/admin_area/settings/instance_template_repository.html#help-and-feedback Instance template repository | GitLab
Github is a community organized around developing software.
Acquired / owned by Microsoft.
This is a new feature:
These are equivalent to Teams in Gitlab
https://docs.github.com/en/organizations/collaborating-with-groups-in-organizations/creating-a-new-organization-from-scratch Creating a new organization from scratch - GitHub Docs
https://docs.github.com/en/organizations/collaborating-with-groups-in-organizations/about-organizations About organizations - GitHub Docs