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Set up Ubuntu

Window Manager




What is Running

To see what distribution is currently running on your system:

lsb_release -a
lsb_release -a


cat /etc/*-release
cat /etc/*-release



Kernel details are available with:

uname -a
uname -a


Ubuntu Server
Ubuntu Version

Ubuntu is an open source linux operating system.

Once you have your copy of Ubuntu, boot your computer with it and Ubuntu should load into a "Live" instance. This is a fully functional Linux system. Cooool. With enough memory, the only noticable performance hit comes when the system needs to access a program from the source media.

At this point you are also able to install Ubuntu to a local drive. Whether you run live or install to disk, that's up to you.

more details on installing a new Ubuntu system

Desktops / Window Managers

As if it wasn't enough to choose a distribution, you may also want to choose the window manager. Typically this choice is made by the specific distribution you run, but some (e.g. arch) allow you to choose as part of the installation process.

Gnome3 in newer versions of Ubuntu is a solid choice. I enjoy the 'overview' feature where you can see all windows for a given workspace.

Xubuntu ships with XFCE, which is another good choice.

Ubuntu Studio is built on top of Xubuntu.


For servers, ubuntu server is good

This is a good local mirror for ubuntu: (don't think xubuntu is there)

CentOS is another popular distribution that tracks Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Raspberry Pi

Raspberry Pi

Create Bootable Media

This process is the same for all systems.

Whatever you choose, start by downloading and burning an image of the operating system (OS) of your choice from their site.

To transfer image for use, see creating a bootable usb.

Other Distributions


There are many linux distributions available. Which one you run is a matter of personal preference. Communities create a distribution as a standard collection of linux applications and configurations. Notes about what happens before the Operating System (OS) is running

When downloading an image, torrents are a good way to share bandwidth. This supports a good cause! Be sure to use a network that you have adequate bandwidth quotas.

Elementary OS

Based on Ubuntu? Debian? Gnome 3? This is one I've been interested to try out.
The thoughtful, capable, and ethical replacement for Windows and macOS ⋅ elementary OS
elementary OS 6.1 Jólnir FAQ · elementary/os Wiki
Store ⋅ elementary Store
elementary os ubuntu 22.04 at DuckDuckGo
elementary OS 7 Will Be Based on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, Offer GTK4 Apps and Power Profiles - 9to5Linux

Nix OS
Nix: reproducible builds and deployments
NixOS - Wikipedia
nix os at DuckDuckGo

Arch Linux arch linux - Google Search Arch Linux - Downloads


Qubes OS qube os - Google Search An Introduction to Qubes OS | Qubes OS Documentation | Qubes OS Download Qubes OS | Qubes OS

Kali Linux
Official Kali Linux Downloads | Kali Linux

  1. Getting Started | Kali Linux
    Should I Use Kali Linux? | Kali Linux
secure linux - Google Search
10 Most Secure Linux Distros For Complete Privacy & Anonymity | 2017 Edition

Happy Data Privacy Day! A turning point for anonymity, privacy, and the tools that deliver them / Boing Boing


Tails - Download and verify
Tails - Privacy for anyone anywhere

To get this to boot with a VM in VirtualBox, I needed to run the following:

Click settings before starting the VM
Goto to System
Look at Extended Features
Click "Enable I/O APIC"


If the screen appears locked with a clock, slide the screen up to unlock it.

To create a disk image from an img file:


Finally, needed to do the following to boot:

In order overcome the above error and proceed with booting TAILS from an older SanDisk Cruzer stick, hit the <TAB> key at the boot prompt. You’ll see, at the foot of the screen, a series of default switches passed to the boot loader. Arrow key back to the media=removable option and delete it. Ensure you keep the space between successive parameters. Hit <RETURN> and TAILS should continue booting per usual. It can be a little slow to boot, particularly from older USB sticks, so be patient.


Custom Distribution
Welcome to Linux From Scratch! build custom linux distribution - Google Search
Create Your Own Linux Distro with Ubuntu Imager
GitHub - Distroshare/distroshare-ubuntu-imager: Creates an installable live CD from an installed Ubuntu or derivative distribution
MakeALiveCD/DVD/BootableFlashFromHarddiskInstall - Community Help Wiki